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Nepal at a Glance

 Official Name Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
 Political system Multi-party democracy
 Head of State President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
 Head of Government Prime Minister K.P Oli
 Political parties in parliament

Main parties in the parliament are : United Communist Party of Nepal (UCPN MAOIST), FORUM, TAMALOPA, Sadbhawana Party, the Nepali Congress, .. United Marxist-Leninist.

 Next election date Not yet set
 GDP per capita US$311
 Currency Nepali Rupee (NR)
 Exchange rates (June 2019)

$ 1=NRs. 111.31

€ 1=NRs 125.99

¥10=NRs 10.25

IN Rs 1= NRs 1.60

 Official language

Nepali. English is widely used in business, higher education and the professions.

 Other principal languages Maithili, Bhojpuri, Newari, Magar
 Principal religions

Hindu (80.6%), Buddhist (10.7 %}, Muslim (4.2 %), Kirati (3.6%), other (0.9 %}.

 Time zone GMT+5:45
 Climatic conditions

Sub-tropical in the Terai plains along the southern border, temperate in the hills along the middle belt, and alpine in the mountainous region along the northern belt. The Kathmandu valley has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19-35° C and 2-12° C respectively Rainfall is heavy in the eastern part during June-August, while the western part gets more rain in winter. Annual precipitation varies from around 300 mm in the north and west to over 2,500 mm in the east. The Kathmandu valley receives 1,200 mm of annual rainfall.

Main cities/town and numbers of inhabitants

Biratnagar: 182,324
Lalitpur: 226,728
Pokhara: 353,841
Birganj: 300,000