|Official Name||Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal|
|Political system||Multi-party democracy|
|Head of State||President Ram Baran Yadav|
|Head of Government||Prime Minister Madhav Nepal|
|Political parties in parliament||
Main parties in the parliament are : United Communist Party of Nepal (UCPN MAOIST), FORUM, TAMALOPA, Sadbhawana Party, the Nepali Congress, .. United Marxist-Leninist.
|Next election date||Not yet set|
|GDP per capita||US$311|
|Currency||Nepali Rupee (NR)|
|Exchange rates (October 2008)||
€ 1=NRs 105.47
IN Rs 1= NRs 1.60
Nepali. English is widely used in business, higher education and the professions.
|Other principal languages||Maithili, Bhojpuri, Newari, Magar|
Hindu (80.6%), Buddhist (10.7 %}, Muslim (4.2 %), Kirati (3.6%), other (0.9 %}.
|Time zone||GMT + 3.45|
Sub-tropical in the Terai plains along the southern border, temperate in the hills along the middle belt, and alpine in the mountainous region along the northern belt. The Kathmandu valley has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19-27° C and 2-12° C respectively Rainfall is heavy in the eastern part during June-August, while the western part gets more rain in winter. Annual precipitation varies from around 300 mm in the north and west to over 2,500 mm in the east. The Kathmandu valley receives 1,200 mm of annual rainfall.
Main cities/town and numbers of inhabitants